Fritz Schaefler

Born on 31 December 1888 in Eschau im Spessart (district of Miltenberg), youth in Eggenfelden in Lower Bavaria

1899 - 1905
Attends grammar school in Aschaffenburg, from 1900 in Landshut

1905 - 1909
Studied in Munich, first architecture at the Polytechnic Hochschule, while attending evening school and the municipal trade school
From summer semester 1908 attends the Royal Academy of Fine Arts

1909 - 10
One-year voluntary military service

Resumption of studies at the academy
Additional private lessons at the art school of Carl Johann Becker-Gundahl (1856-1925)

First own studio in Munich
First solo exhibitions in Landshut and Rosenheim and first commissions
Recognisable influences of late Impressionism and Naturalism

Establishment of a private school with painter friend Karl Puxkandl at Simmsee near Rosenheim
Draft to the Western Front, produces sketches of the everyday lives of soldiers as well as Belgian and French civilians

Schaefler is severely wounded by a bullet to the head retires from military service

1917 - 1918
Assignment as a ski instructor for the German Alpine Corps in Oberstdorf and the Dolomites
Meets and shortly afterwards marries Vera Linzen (1895-1938), daughter of the writer Clara Ratzka (1871-1928)

Birth of his son Hannsotto (1918-1983)
Solo exhibition at the Kunsthalle Mannheim

1918 - 1919
Creates numerous graphic prints, primarily expressive woodcuts and etchings
Participation in exhibitions at the progressive-avant-garde gallery "Galerie Neue Kunst - Hans Goltz"
Involvement in the Munich Revolution, member of the "Action Committee of Revolutionary Artists"
Editor for fine arts of the magazine "Der Weg" (first issue January 1919) and contributor to "Süddeutsche Freiheit"
Production of many portraits of families and friends as well as artists and intellectuals from Munich circles
Contact with other artists of his time, including Paul Klee (1879-1940), Georg Schrimpf (1889-1938), Heinrich Maria Davringhausen (1894-1970) and Hans Otto Baumann (1862-1927)

Suppression of the revolution in May 1919, flees to Alfred Kubin (1877-1959), then settles with his family in Prien-Ernstdorf (Chiemsee)
Creates numerous landscapes and rural figure paintings

Around 1920
First contact with the Jewish textile manufacturer and later patron and collector Joseph Heymann (1887-1954), based in Cologne and Wipperfürth, via the art critic, friend and patron Kurt Gerstenberg (1886-1968), with whom Schaefler had already been in contact since his time in Munich
Until his emigration to London in 1937, Joseph Heymann acquires around 70 works by Schaefler, which are still owned by the family today

1920 - 1921
Commissions for Munich theatres, creating stage sets and costumes for the workers' theatre "Neue Bühne" as well as the Nationaltheater
Collaboration with the dancer Manda von Kreibig (1901-1989), design of costumes and posters

1922 - 1923
Major commission from Joseph Heymann to decorate his home and the factory in Wipperfürth

Solo exhibition in Hanover, Kestner Society

Moves to Cologne for economic reasons on the advice of his architect friend Hans Hansen (1889-1966)
Here he cultivates friendships with the artists of the "Cologne Progressives", such as Heinrich Hoerle (1895-1936) and Franz Wilhelm Seiwert (1894-1933) as well as the painter Anton Räderscheidt (1892-1970) and the architect Wilhelm Riphahn (1889-1963). He takes over Davringhausen's flat and studio in Cologne-Bickendorf in the so-called "Riphahn Siedlung" (Riphahn Estate)

1927 - 1929
Takes on commissions for the colour design of cooperative housing estates of Cologne's GAG (Gemeinnützige Wohnungsbau-AG) and several hospitals in Germany

1929 - 1939
Production of stained glass windows for churches and secular buildings as well as the design of numerous religious buildings and youth centres in Cologne and the surrounding area
Execution of private commissions, in addition to his work as a colour designer at GAG

Solo exhibition at the Kölnischer Kunstverein, stained glass window designs and watercolours, Cologne

Removal of some of his expressionist works from museums
Included in the "Degenerate Art" exhibition in Munich with two of his works
Schaefler is banned from painting

Death of his wife after a long illness

Second marriage to Elisabeth Höffken

1944 - 1945
Flees from Allied bombing to Remerscheid/Bergisches Land
In his works he mainly deals with the themes of landscape as ell as floral still lifes and works in watercolour, oil and chalk

Returns to Cologne, teaches at Cologne vocational schools

1950 - 1954
Commissions for church windows and colour designs for churches as part of the restoration and rebuilding of churches after the war
His late work is characterised by "non-representational attempts at colour", primarily in oil

Fritz Schaefler dies on 24 April 1954 in Cologne

Exhibition "Fritz Schaefler - An Unknown Expressionist between the Soviet Republic and Modernism", Neue Münchner Galerie, Munich

Exhibition "Berlin - Paris", Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

Exhibition "Fritz Schaefler. An Unknown Expressionist" at the Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum in Aachen

Exhibition "Fritz Schaefler. In the field of tension of Expressionism. Painting and Graphics" at the German Blade Museum in Solingen. The exhibition is accompanied by a catalogue containing a catalogue raisonné compiled by Vera Thiel

Contact established between the heirs of the Joseph Heymann family and Fritz Schaefler

Exhibition "Retrospective. Fritz Schaefler, the expressionist from the Spessart", Obernburg, Miltenberg district

The Schaefler Prize is awarded for the first time in the district of Miltenberg in memory of the artist. Honours a competition for children and young people who can submit their version of his paintings. The winners receive an original print by the artist

Exhibition "Outlawed, Displaced, Reinstated. Rediscovered works of Fritz Schaefler and the Heymann Collection, London ", Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum, Aachen

VAN HAM Art Estate takes over the management of Fritz Schaefler's artistic estate